Quartz is the most common mineral in the Earth’s crust. Quartz is in sandstones, granites, and other igneous rocks. It forms veins in the cracks of rocks. There is a lot of heat and water where they form. Crystals are made when the quartz cools down. The way the crystal looks depends on how hot it was when it was formed. Quartz is a part of almost any kind of rock—igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic.

How and where is it mined? Quartz is mined by surface mining most of the time. Quartz is mined in various parts of the world including: Brazil, Turkey, USA and others. There are lots of colours of quartz but the ones that are seen most often are clear, white, or milky. You might see through some, find others blurry to look through, or not see through some at all. It really has to do with how much light can pass through them.

Quartz is hard and is sometimes used to test how hard other minerals are. You would use the quartz to scratch other minerals. If it made a scratch mark, the mineral would be softer than the quartz. If the mineral didn’t get scratched, it would mean that the mineral was harder than the quartz.

Quartz Countertops

Quartz countertop surfaces are manufactured with 93% natural quartz. Quartz surfaces are highly resistant to stains and scratches, and have a low level of fluid absorption. There are several brands of quartz surfaces manufacturers offering a wide variety of colours and textures from Honed and Leather finishes, which make it extremely versatile. Quartz countertops are the perfect combination for use in many applications in the kitchen and bathroom.

Quartz is virtually maintenance free as it does not require the use of sealers. Some manufacturers use anti-microbial agents during the manufacturing process which stays on the product over its lifetime.